Monthly Archive: August 2016

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Ukraine: Results of the Revolution of Dignity. How have the country and the people changed

The last 2.5 years are among the toughest in Ukrainian history: the Revolution, the occupation of the territory, war, economic crisis … How has it affected thoughts and feelings of Ukrainians? Inna Volosevych from GfK Ukraine has analyzed dozens of polls and come to an unexpected conclusion: Ukrainians demonstrate a high level of patriotism and mutual trust with more optimistic views on the state; while level of public activity and desire to contribute to the development of the country increased.

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VoxChecking Mykola Azarov. Does His Idea of Increasing the Monetary Supply to Boost the Economy Make Sense

There is no such thing as former politicians. Despite his advancing years (68), the former prime minister of Ukraine Mykola Azarov is an active Facebook user. He (or his assistants) publish several posts daily. VoxCheck has checked one of these posts, in which Azarov argues in favor of increasing the monetary supply. Some numbers have proved to be correct, yet the conclusions are deeply misleading. VoxCheck dedicates this article to the 20th anniversary of hryvnia and to the numerous mistakes that Ukrainian politicians and civil servants have made in the conduct of the monetary policy in the last 20 years. Full text is available in Ukrainian and Russian.

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Mortality in Ukraine Over the Last 25 years: How Many Deaths Could Have Been Avoided

Since its independence Ukraine has been experiencing a significant increase in mortality rates among both males and females. Prior to war, Ukraine was losing 80 people per hour, leading us to a shameful second place in the world in terms of the number of deaths per thousand of population (15.72 in 2014). Between South Africa (17.49) and Lesotho (14.91), with the EU average being around 10. Although some positive dynamics has been observed after year 2005, the situation is likely to worsen given the war and resulting disturbances.

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Has Ukraine Managed To Leave the Post-Imperial Cultural Space in 25 Years of Its Independence

Despite the growing role of the Ukrainian language in education, its everyday use has barely changed in the last 25 years. Currently, only 40% of Ukrainians use it actively. The Russian language continues to dominate in the media and book market (even including imported books). The situation is better in what concerns music bands, since most of them sing in Ukrainian, even though a notable part sings in Russian and other languages. VoxUkraine have analysed some linguistic and cultural characteristics of the Ukrainian society. Full text is available in Ukrainian and Russian.

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Jan Tombiński: Europe Needs Ukraine to Understand its Own Destiny

The interview with the Head of the European Union Delegation to Ukraine, Ambassador Jan Tombiński was conducted within the framework of the EU project ‘Open Neibourhood’. Jan Tombiński said: “We have seen over the past two and a half years all this public protest against regimes that wanted to manipulate the state. These people deserve the possibility to have a sustainable state, a state that they feel they can associate their future with”.

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Deadly Problems: Why Do Ukrainians Die

In 25 years of its independence, Ukraine has set a very sad record. Its rate of losing population has been the highest in Europe, according to the World Bank’s research “What Underlies Ukraine’s Mortality Crisis?”. Ukraine’s population has decreased by 6.8 mln (to 45.2) in just a quarter of a century. VoxUkraine has found out whether the demographic situation has been improving, what diseases are the deadliest in Ukraine, and what causes most deaths in Ukraine in each age group. Full text is available in Ukrainian and Russian.

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IMoRe №41. Napoleon’s plans: Naftogas Reform and Interregional Custom Office Creation are Pushing the Index

Progress in natural gas market reform and reduction of tax service pressure on business make a positive impact on IMoRe. Index continues to grow slowly, while the reform pace remains unsatisfactory: +1,2 points in this round. IMoRe experts note some progress in the reforms of energy sector, business environment, public administration and monetary system, as well as the lack of change in public finance.

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Ukraine’s Legal Debate on the Right to Armed Self-Defence

One of the issues that were raised rather unexpectedly in the process of discussing constitutional amendments in Ukraine in 2015 was the right to armed self-defence, initiated by an e-petition to President Poroshenko and supported by an NGO “The Ukrainian Gun Owners Association”. This led to a heated debate within the Human Rights Working Group of the Constitutional Commission, holding back the adoption of a human rights chapter. The discussion about liberalising rules for possession of weapons has additional emotional resonance in Ukraine because of the Russian aggression and military conflict in Eastern Ukraine which caused, inter alia, illegal turnover of firearms in Ukraine.

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Invisible Сonnection: Who Owns the Banking System of Ukraine

There is a continuing struggle between those who are striving to hide money and assets and those who are trying to find them. Central banks are one of the key players in the fight against money laundering (anti-money laundering), against the concealment of “gray” transactions (related-party lending), and against the concealment of property rights (ultimate beneficial ownership). These are the non-trivial tasks which require a comprehensive analysis. In this article, we provide a detailed analysis of the entire network of owners of Ukrainian banks. Full text is available in Ukrainian and Russian.

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Democracy at Greenwich or The Lessons of Brexit for Ukraine

BREXIT has caused major discontent both inside and outside the United Kingdom. Almost immediately after the outcome was announced, many citizens called for another referendum or outright overturn of the results. However, nobody actually had any doubts as to whether the voting procedure itself was fair. Nazar Boyko explains why. Full text is available in Ukrainian and Russian.