Ukrainian Political System: Do We Need A Makeover?

The decentralization progress and the need for change at the national level

depositphotos / Yurii_Zymovin

Author:

Electoral system

  • Party leaders can trade places on party lists – either for money or for loyalty.
  • In single-mandate districts candidates with the most money have the highest chances to win (although the last elections showed that there can be exceptions to this rule).
  • In single-mandate districts many votes are lost, so the winners can actually be minority candidates.

Dualism of executive power

Decentralization

  • Mandatory merge ATCs that did not voluntarily merge before the deadline which has to be defined.
  • Resolve the issue of raions – one needs to decide whether raion level of the government remains. If yes, then its powers and responsibilities have to be redefined, if not – then raions should be liquidated by law [3].
  • To clearly distribute the responsibilities on the local level – i.e. between local branches of the central government and local elected officials.

[1] For a comprehensive discussion of Ukraine’s constitutional design see the article of Myerson, Roland and Mylovanov) and an explainer article by Rostyslav Averchuk.

[2] For an intermediate detailed evaluation of decentralization reform (2014-2016) see Levitas&Djukic (2017), see Dudley (2019) for evaluation of the most recent results.

[3] The former minister of regional development suggested to reduce the number of raions from 465 to 102 leaving them with functions of coordination of local offices of central government bodies.

VoxUkraine is a unique content worth reading. Subscribe to our e-mail newsletter, read us on Facebook and Twitter, see the latest video on YouTube.

We believe in the power of words and that ideas have the main impact. VoxUkraine gatherers the best economists and help them to deliver their ideas to tens thousands of Ukrainians. Content VoxUkraine is free (and always will be free), we don’t sell ads and we don’t make lobbyism. For do more research, create new influenced projects and publish more quality articles we need clever people and money. We have people! Support VoxUkraine. Together we will do more!


Disclaimer

The author doesn`t work for, consult to, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and have no relevant affiliations