Reform Index 230: "Diia ID" for Legal Entities and New Rules for Use of Water Resources Land

Reform Index 230: “Diia ID” for Legal Entities and New Rules for Use of Water Resources Land

Photo: unsplash.com / Austin Neill @arstyy
22 March 2024
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Four regulations were included in the 230th issue of the Reform Index. The highest score of +2 points (within a range from -5 to +5) was awarded to the Cabinet of Ministers’ resolution implementing “Diia ID” for legal entities. From January 15 to 28, the Index reached +0.8 points. In the previous issue, the Index value stood at +0.3 points.

Graph 1. Dynamics of the Reform Index

Graph 2. Values of the Reform Index and its Components in the Current Assessment Round

Implementing “Diia ID” for legal entities, +2 points

The Cabinet of Ministers has adopted a resolution that expands the functional capabilities of the “Diia” portal. Subsequently, legal entities (just like citizens do now) will have the opportunity to use their “Diia ID” for remote identification via the mobile app. The app will also be able to transmit electronic copies of company documents to other information and communication systems and apply a remote qualified electronic signature.

Information about the Reforms Index project, the list of Index experts and the database of the regulations assessed are available here.

Procedure for using lands within water resources, +1.5 points

At the beginning of the year, the Cabinet of Ministers adopted a resolution with a new procedure for using lands within water resources. The previous process was adopted in 1996 and had been in effect since then. 

The new procedure expands the list of lands located within the water resources, including islands and coastal strips not occupied by forests, lands occupied by reservoirs, as well as artificially created land plots within the boundaries of marine port water areas.

The procedure also clearly defines the list of activities that can be carried out on lands within the water resources. This includes the construction of hydro-technical and fortification structures, laying of utilities and pipelines, creation of border clearings, extraction of minerals (excluding sand, pebbles, and gravel in the beds of small and mountain rivers), dredging, clearing riverbeds and water bodies, and similar activities.

The StateGeoCadastre will be responsible for monitoring the use and protection of lands within the water resources, while the State Environmental Inspectorate will oversee compliance with legislation on land protection. The previous version of the resolution contained a more general formulation: “State control [is carried out] according to applicable law.”

Chart 3. Value of Reform Index components and number of events

Reform Index from VoxUkraine aims to provide a comprehensive assessment of reform efforts by Ukraine’s authorities. The Index is based on expert assessments of changes in the regulatory environment in six areas: Governance, Public Finance, Monetary system, Business Environment, Energy, Human Capital. Information about the Reforms Index project, the list of Index experts and the database of the regulations assessed are available here.

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