Two years ago, Petro Poroshenko became the president of Ukraine. Many factors indicate that the presidential institution is once again winning the fight against the parliament and the government and continues to consolidate power. What makes all Ukrainian presidents waste huge amount of resources in trying to subject other branches of power? Is there a danger of the establishment of personalistic rule in Ukraine?
Ukraine has a mixed parliamentary-presidential system in which both the prime minister and the president have control over various parts of the executive branch of government. The president is directly elected by the people, while the prime minister is appointed by the parliament. The president has authority over the heads of the local governments and over some parts of the national government, while the prime minister controls most of the national government. This mixture of presidential authority over local governments with national ministers who are accountable to the parliament is particularly unique to Ukraine. This article is analyzing which constitutional reform can work best in Ukraine.
The violence in front of the Rada on August 31 during the First passage of the vote on the Constitutional Change is unjustified and reprehensible. Ukraine needs a deep constitutional reform to determine its fundamental law as a sovereign nation, but it does not need a speedy constitutional change imposed from above that may jeopardize the future of the nation as a sovereign and well-functioning democracy.
Current Ukrainian model of power distribution is somewhere in between the model where a president is the head of the government (like in US) and the parliamentary republic where a president has only representative functions (like in Germany). Hence, it is natural that the president and the Prime-Minister try to “pull” the decision-making center to their side. Perhaps, it is the time to choose between the two constitutional models?
iMoRe 37: Reforms Gained Momentum – Customs Service Reform, Currency Liberalization, Deregulation of the Pharmaceutical Market
The pace of reforms accelerated notably in early June though still did not reach the desired speed of over 2: overall 1.5 points out of possible 5.0. This time the government tackled the customs service reform, while the National Bank continued to liberalize exchange controls. More good news below.
Is it possible to institutionalize values and make them the basis of civil servants’ work? What are the basic values of Swedish civil servants, and how do they differ from the principles laid down in Ukraine’s law on the civil service? Is there a relationship between values and corruption? What is the role of confidentiality norms in creating a culture that resists corruption? Full text is available in Ukrainian and Russian.
In the first two years of his presidency, Petro Poroshenko has vetoed 33 parliamentary bills. VoxUkraine has analyzed all the vetoes and found some trends. In particular, the analysis has revealed that the number of vetoes has been increasing. Most bills were vetoed because they did not comply with existing laws. Full text is available in Ukrainian and Russian.
This Thursday, June 23rd, the UK will face an in-out referendum on the membership of the EU. Immigration is the deciding factor for many referendum voters. From outside of the country it might be difficult to understand why. In this blog I will try to explain the reason why this issue is so important and why it should not be.
Was Victor Pynzenyk right in saying that the salary of Ukrainian judges would soon rise to 315,000 UAH? Partly yes, but this increase will only apply to some senior judges. The vast majority of judges will count on 24,000-66,000 UAH from the next year. Provided they pass the selection procedure. Full text is available in Ukrainian and Russian.
In a national referendum on June 23 Britons will decide whether they want their country to stay in the European Union (the EU) or exit the bloc. Economic consequences of Great Britain exiting the EU (Brexit) are believed to be negative, but bearable. More important are potential geopolitical implications, as Brexit may trigger domino effect among EU member states, significantly weakening the EU and strengthening Russia on global geopolitical arena. This may in turn reduce EU aspirations of Ukrainians
In the article, we analyze the response of households’ energy expenditures to energy prices increase and make inference about its relation to energy consumption. The household-level data suggest that population indeed reduces gas consumption because of price increase. In addition, households using gas for heating partially substitute it with electricity while those using gas for cooking – reduce their electricity expenditures to mitigate gas price shock. These findings are consistent with macroeconomic data, since the share of electricity in residential energy consumption has increased over 2008-2014.